Exposure therapy is one type of therapy that aids people to overcome the effects of activities, objects or events that trigger anxiety or fear. It is utilized by therapists as well as psychologists to treat disorders like Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PSTD) as well as anxiety disorders..
People are inclined to avoid situations and events they are afraid of. Based on the American Psychological Association the principle of exposure therapy is that exposing individuals to situations that trigger anxiety in a secure environment that assists them in decreasing their anxiety and conquer their fears.
This article will will go over all you should be aware of about exposure therapy, and what it’s used for, including the conditions it’s designed in treating, ways it’s done and what studies say about its effectiveness.
How exactly does exposure therapy work?
Exposure therapy is a method employed by psychiatrist in my area to assist people in overcoming anxieties and fears by breaking the cycle of avoidance and fear. It works by exposing the person to an event that creates fear in a safe setting.
For instance, someone who suffers from social anxiety might be hesitant about attending crowded places or gatherings. In treatment, the therapist will expose the patient to these kinds of social situations in order to make them feel more comfortable within these settings.
There are four methods exposure therapy could aid:
- Processing of emotions. Exposure therapy helps to create realistic perceptions of an feared stimulus.
- Exctinction. Exposure therapy can help you overcome negative associations associated with an feared subject or event.
- The habitual. Repeated exposure to the feared stimuli over time can reduce your response.
- self-efficacy. Exposure therapy helps to show you how to conquer your fears and control your anxiety.
Do you know of different kinds of therapies for exposure?
As per the dr syed ahmed Some of the possible options for exposure therapies are:
- In in vivo contact. It involves facing your fears in the real world. For instance, someone who has Arachnophobia could be in contact with the spider.
- Imagined exposure. A thing or situation is visualized vividly. For instance, someone who is afraid of birds could be asked to imagine being at the beach with seagulls.
- Virtual experience exposure. Virtual reality technology is a possibility in instances where it is difficult to feel the causes of anxiety in real life. For instance, someone who has an phobia of flying might make use of an air simulator.
- Exposure to the interoceptive. This type of exposure creates an emotional sensation that shows that it’s safe even if it’s something that’s been thought to be dangerous. For instance, someone who is scared of feeling lightheaded because they believe it’s a sign that they’re suffering from a stroke could be told to stand immediately.
What are the conditions that exposure therapy treat?
Exposure therapy is used to treat anxiety-related disorders, such as the following:
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder
- obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
- anxiety disorder
- post-traumatic stress disorder
- Social anxiety disorder
What is exposure therapy? How does it function?
The strategies therapists use in the course of exposure therapy depend on the issue being addressed.
Here’s what you might experience.
- After the reason for your anxiety or fear is identified Your psychologist or therapist will begin the process of exposing you the trigger you fear.
- Most often, they employ the method of grading, where they begin by exchanging you with a moderately fearful stimulus or a less frightening version of the stimulus.
- As time passes your counselor will expose you to more frightening stimuli in a secure environment.
- The amount of sessions and duration of your treatment will depend on your progress.
For instance, if you’re terrified of mice the therapist may begin by showing you images of mice during the first session. In the next session they may bring in mice in the cage. In a subsequent session, they may let you hold the mouse.
How do I select an expert for exposure therapy?
Exposure therapy is a form of cognitive behavior cleveland therapy, which is usually administered with the guidance of psychotherapist, psychiatrist or psychologist.
These are guidelines to help you choose the right expert:
- Begin your search with trustworthy sources like the American Psychological Association website.
- Find the national organization or network that focuses on your particular issue, like for example, the National Center for PTSD.
- Find reviews from other clients who have been in contact with the expert.
- Ask friends you trust whether they would suggest a psychiatrist whom they’ve worked with. You could also ask the primary doctor for recommendations.
- Ask questions like:
- How many years of know-how do you have on your issue?
- What are your areas of expertise?
- What should we do if the exposure therapy fails?
If you’re paying for your insurance plan, examine the directory for your provider, or check if they cover outside-of-network therapists situations when exposure therapy isn’t covered by the insurance plan.
Medical Marijuana Card Complete Guide
There has always been a great stigma against narcotics and their use has always been discouraged in society. It was believed that all drugs only present harm to human beings, but recent research shows that drugs can actually be used for medical purposes.
Although this study is still under research due to the high regulation in place to prevent substance abuse, it is evident that it is bound to produce fruitful results in the future. Everyone is looking forward to all advancements that this will bring to the medical field and society as a whole.
Though this does raise several questions resulting from a mixture of feelings of animosity and skepticism towards drugs and especially their use in medicine.
Questions like: How does medical marijuana help? Does it have any health benefits? Is it even legal? How do you become a medical marijuana user? So, if you want the answer to these questions, then you are in the right place.
What is Medical Marijuana?
Perhaps, we should start by answering the most fundamental question – What is medical marijuana?
We all know that marijuana is a drug acquired from the Cannabis plant and that it has been used for decades for recreational purposes. Well, that is also what medical marijuana essentially is. However, the chemicals inside marijuana can also serve the purpose of treating diseases and conditions.
The chemicals inside marijuana are usually called cannabinoids and there exist around 100 different of these in just one marijuana leaf. Among them, cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) have the most potential to be used in medicine.
Health Benefits of Medicinal Marijuana
Researchers are studying the use of marijuana and how it affects the human body. This has helped significantly in treating diseases and conditions that would otherwise be incredibly difficult to handle.
Though all the research done in this area is quite limited since you must go through several authorizations in order to be able to work on this project. Even after limited research, some health benefits that can be received from marijuana are as follows:
Marijuana has received a considerable amount of popularity in the past and for good reason. Some years ago, a special form of marijuana was developed that parents reported having reduced seizures experienced by their children.
Recently, a drug was invented and named Epidiolex. One of the main ingredients in the preparation of this drug is CBD, a chemical known for causing relaxation. Patients who took Epidiolex have reported a dramatic decrease in their seizures which is incredible news.
All mental disorders are incredibly heinous and greatly increase the difficulty of everyday life, and there exists little treatment for them. Most treatments of mental disorders revolve around therapy, but one can also take some form of medication that boosts its effects.
Marijuana contains chemicals that help relax both the body and the mind. Patients who suffer from anxiety, epilepsy, post-traumatic-stress-disorder (PTSD) show good results in their conditions and mood after taking marijuana.
Not only that, but marijuana can also assist in stabilizing the condition of people with Parkinson’s Disease and Tourette Syndrome.
Perhaps humanity’s greatest enemy; Cancer. There are multiple types of cancer, and there is not much we can currently do in treating this repulsive disease. Cancer medication is not only expensive, but it does not guarantee survivability.
However, it is remarkable news that marijuana is actually capable of killing cancer cells. Additionally, it can also slow tumor growth which could already be or may become cancerous in the future. Hopefully, if more progress is made in this field, then we may one day have viable cancer treatment.
If bacteria or viruses invade a human body, then they can prove to be detrimental to its health. Therefore, our body’s white blood cells fight against them through a process known as inflammation.
It is believed that marijuana can be a catalyst for reducing inflammation in patients which would in turn improve the overall health of the body. Inflammation caused by diseases such as Crohn’s disease, Arthritis, and irritable bowel syndrome can be cured.
Marijuana can also assist in reducing chronic pain caused by arthritis and migraines thanks to its ability to alter pain perception in the human brain.
There are several diseases in which the human body starts to wither and lose weight at a rapid pace due to the disease eating away at it. This also includes diseases like cancer and aids, both of which can be incurable.
If a patient is quickly losing body mass, then their chances of survivability drop significantly as well, so that is where marijuana comes in. It is able to restore the person’s appetite and increase weight gain which in turn helps the body receive proper nutrients and hold out for longer.
Is Marijuana Legal?
The answer to that question is both a yes, and a no. Let us explain. If you live in the US, then the answer depends on which state you reside in. Currently, there are 20 states in the US where recreational use of marijuana is permissible.
Meaning that if you are an adult who is over 21 years of age, then you can legally acquire cannabis and use it however you like, but the amount of marijuana that you can purchase is also limited, so be sure to look that up per your state.
Moving on to medical marijuana, 45 states in the US allow its use. Though this allowance is also followed by some restrictions such as you must get a doctor’s recommendation letter for medical marijuana, and you must qualify for its use under state law. You must also be the holder of a medical card authorized by the government.
What is a Medical Card?
You must be wondering what that medical card we mentioned earlier means. Well, let us explain. A medical marijuana card is simply a medical ID card issued to users of medical marijuana by the state.
As a holder of the medical card, you may legally buy, possess, or cultivate marijuana in your house without being reprimanded by the law. Of course, the amount of cannabis you can buy, or hold is limited, but it is allowed, nonetheless.
There are many ways of obtaining a cheap medical card which we are going to discuss below.
Do You Need a Medical Card?
The answer depends on your state. If your state allows the use of marijuana for recreational purposes, then that obviously means that you do not need to have a medical card.
Though if your state only allows the use of medical marijuana, then obtaining marijuana without holding a medical card would be against the law. There are times when people confuse a medical marijuana card with a marijuana recommendation letter.
A marijuana recommendation letter is issued by your doctor in case you are being treated with medical marijuana, while a medical card is one issued by the government to authorize your use. Although some states do allow you to only use a recommendation letter for your purchases, other states make it mandatory for their citizens to have a medical card.
Benefits of Getting a Medical Card
It must have crossed your mind what use you have for a medical card if your state allows recreational marijuana usage. But wait! Getting a medical marijuana card can prove to be a good investment and help you in maintaining your conditions better since it comes with quite a few attractive benefits which are as follows:
The first and probably the best advantage of having a medical card is the decreased prices when purchasing marijuana. The prices of medical marijuana are considerably lower in comparison to recreational marijuana.
Additionally, you have to pay lesser taxes for medical marijuana. The tax decrease can be as low as 10 – 15%, but in some states, the taxes have been witnessed to be even lower, coming in at around 45% which is phenomenal.
High Potency Marijuana:
As discussed earlier, chemicals like THC and CBD are usually used for medical purposes, but these are also the chemicals that cause feelings of “high” and relaxation respectively.
This is the primary reason why recreational marijuana must have a standard potency as directed by the state. However, similar is not the case with medical marijuana.
Since different patients may require a different amount of these chemicals or others, medical card holders are allowed to purchase marijuana with higher potency than normal as per their needs.
It is common knowledge that marijuana can be addictive which is why the amount of recreational marijuana that one person can use is highly restricted. This amount can be as low as 1 ounce per day depending on the state for recreational users.
Of course, this limit does not apply to citizens who have medical marijuana cards. In their case, the upper limit of the drug can be 8 ounces per day. That is clearly an 8 times increase, but it does not translate to all states equally.
Recreational users often cannot grow marijuana plants either and must purchase them from dispensaries. While medical users can plant and grow marijuana plants in their own homes for personal use.
Low Age Restrictions:
As discussed earlier, the condition to be a recreational cannabis user is 21 years old. However, for medical users, the age limit can only be 18 years old. Since marijuana is able to help with cancer and such diseases, the age restriction is considerably lower.
Children under the age of 18 may also become eligible for use of medical marijuana if they are under a caregiver. This, however, is only legal in some states, so be sure that you are informed correctly.
So, how do you obtain a cheap medical card? Keep reading to find out.
What is a Medical Card’s Reciprocity?
An important question that you must ask before or after you receive your medical card is about its reciprocity. A medical card’s reciprocity simply means how other states view its worth.
Some state-issued medical cards have remarkably good reciprocity, meaning that they are eligible for use in different states as well. This does not mean that your state acknowledges all other medical marijuana cards as well.
Medical cards of states such as California are accepted across multiple other states allowing you to purchase medical marijuana even while you are out there. However, California does not accept any other medical card other than its own.
Where Can You Get a Cheap Medical Card From?
The answer to that is very simple. You can obtain a cheap medical card from anywhere online. Several websites offer their services based on states, and some even provide theirs for several places.
These websites typically require you to submit the right amount of information and documents alongside a small fee. The cards they provide are digital but can also be printed. Though there is always the risk of scams when purchasing something online, so keep reading to learn how to identify and avoid medical card scams.
Is a Medical Card Obtained Online Valid?
We will answer with a resounding, yes! All medical marijuana cards that you obtain online are valid and they do not need to be printed either. Of course, if you were scammed and got a fake medical card, then you get into a lot of trouble so be wary.
Procedure for Getting a Medical Card
You think you may need marijuana to treat your condition as well, so you want to get a medical card, but how do you obtain one in the first place? Following is a list of steps that you must follow in order to get your medical marijuana card:
Your first order of business should be to go see the doctor. After explaining your symptoms, the doctor will evaluate your disease and its possible cures, try them first. If none of them work, try suggesting marijuana use for yourself to the doctor.
Doctors have phenomenal knowledge, and their words should not be taken for granted. If your doctor tells you that you do not need medical marijuana, then take your doctor’s advice. You can also try changing doctors a couple of times just to be sure that they are not refusing because of their own biases.
In the event that your doctor does agree to your marijuana usage, then he should write you a marijuana recommendation letter. However, the doctor will first need to verify your disease and check if it aligns with state laws.
Different states have different sets of diseases that can be treated with marijuana. After getting the green light and getting your recommendation letter, it will be time to move on to the last step.
Most states will require you to register so they can keep track of your purchases. You can complete this step online and it generally does not cost a very small amount of money.
If you go online and search for websites based on your state, then you can find a suitable one. They will usually ask you for a state ID or passport, a picture, contact information, and your marijuana recommendation letter. After completing the registration, you will receive your card in some time depending on the website.
Fake Medical Card Scams
It is troublesome to fall for a scam, even more so if it can result in you going to jail. That is why we have organized a list of common fake medical card scams to watch out for:
The way you acquire your medical card is by paying your doctor who will evaluate your condition and then write a recommendation letter. The other fees you pay to the Department of Health (DHE) for registration.
Some websites and doctors try to take advantage of unsuspecting patients by taking both fees at the same time with the promise of appropriately distributing them later. This means that you get a fake recommendation letter and have to wait for a medical card that is never going to arrive.
As discussed earlier, you do not need to print your medical cards, and can just use the digital version at any state-verified dispensary. However, some companies try to coerce patients into getting the card printed, stating that it is mandatory, for an extra fee.
Marijuana is a drug that can not only be used for having some fun but also for medical purposes. It has great health benefits which are why the use of medical marijuana has been made legal in several states across the US, and many countries around the world.
Though, to verify medical users, states issue something known as a medical marijuana card which is sometimes mandatory. Holders of this card enjoy phenomenal benefits, and we hope that this article helped you to get a cheap medical card for yourself.
Addiction Treatment: Some Important Facts
There are so many things about addiction treatment that is not known about people. Which is the reason that they tend to lack proper treatment of a drug related problem. Here were are going to discuss the major problems that accompany the drug problem. And which are treated in an alcohol rehab Winnipeg institute.
- The most important thing about addiction is that it not only effects. The mind of person but also affects the body of a person as well. Most importantly it effects one’s brain which results in disorientation. poor judgement, poor decision making and abnormal behavior. It can cause hallucinations as well.
- Most of the time people try to solve the drug addiction problem ion their own. They do not understand that this kind of problem is only treated by professionals. The best time to treat addiction is as early as possible. People tend to come for treatment when thigs get out of their reach. And have to be put forward through a very tight situation.
- People think that rehab only works if the patient goes voluntarily. Well that is not true. Most of the time clients have the denial defense mechanism working for them. Which doesn’t make them look into the reality of situation. Thus in this condition if the parents. Family or friends of a client take him or her in the rehab that can be very beneficial for him. They can get recovery and sobriety even if they are taken to a rehab without their own permission.
- The treatment plan has an overall outline for all the addicts. However the treatment plan can vary for everybody. As everyone has a different entity and different set pattern of thoughts. So every other person can have a different kind of treatment plan too. Some can get well through individual sessions. Some need a group support while others can focus on socialization to help themselves.
- There are different type’s therapies and interventions used in rehab. One of them include CBT which focuses on cognitive errors of a person. The other is REBT which focuses on irrational thought.
- Alcohol rehab winnipeg institutes have the developed methods of working through AA programs. 12 steps of AAs, drug intervention programs. Tough love and co-dependency programs to focus. These can be identified for the client. And can be introduced to him as per his symptoms.
- Patients can vary from going to in patient. And outpatient programs in order to get treated for their problems. Both of these include different types of interventions. That can be focused according to the nature of addiction, the nature of drug. Severity and personal factors of patient as well.
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6 Best Ways to Treat Poor Appetite
Poor appetite, medically known as anorexia, is a nutritional challenge caused by a complete loss of appetite. It is characterized by losing the desire to eat or eating less than usual. Several factors can lead to this condition.
Loss of appetite affects people of different age groups. It is often temporary and can be caused by stress, depression, cancer, infection, kidney problems, AIDS, and more. Poor appetite and unintended weight loss call for concern.
Poor appetite can be linked to physical, emotional, and medical symptoms. It may occur with health conditions affecting the digestive system, infections. lisa pemberton or some chronic diseases. Individuals who suffer decreased appetite are susceptible to weight loss and malnutrition, especially when left untreated. An effective way to treat poor appetite is following a healthy lifestyle and eating a healthy diet.
Although it is not life-threatening, a poor appetite can trigger other medical problems if left untreated.
6 Best Ways to Treat Poor Appetite
Your body needs food to maintain all its processes. The foods we take keep our tummy full and provide energy and other nutritional content. On days when you don’t have an appetite, how would you achieve all of those benefits? CBD oil can do the trick for you.
THC gummies are a beneficial component of cannabis. They are known for numerous medicinal benefits, from increasing appetite to boosting creativity. The increase in hunger is known as the munchies. THC gummies provide the option of consuming THC discreetly. They are appealing alternatives to consuming THC because of their pleasant taste.
Here are some lifestyle and dietary changes you can make to improve your appetite.
Drink Your Calories
Taking your calories as drinks is a practical way of replacing your meals. Chewing your food might be pretty tricky when you have no appetite. Replacing these meals with high-calorie and nutritious drinks is a motivating way of consuming your calories.
Juices, milkshakes, and smoothies can be better replacements for meals. You can make them with vegetables, yogurt, protein powder, whole milk, and fruits.
Exercise sustains your energy levels by burning calories. It increases your appetite to replenish the calories that you have burned. Your hunger will likely increase after days of continuous physical activity and not just after one day.
Engaging in regular exercise can also influence several processes that are known for stimulating hunger in your body. It includes changes in hormone production, as well as increased metabolic rate.
Avoid Foods with Strong Odor
Some medical conditions affect a person’s sense of taste and also smell. Foods with strong odors and tastes are usually unappetizing in situations like this. You must avoid foods with intense flavors or aromas to increase your appetite.
Examples of such foods include Brussel sprouts, stinky cheese, boiled eggs, seafood, fried food, etc. Cold foods have a lesser odor. Therefore, it might be appropriate for anyone who finds certain food odors unpleasant.
Eat Smaller, Frequent Meals
One of the most effective ways of treating poor appetite is to offer smaller portions every couple of hours. Eating smaller meals more frequently might be less challenging when you have a poor appetite. Divide your three-square meals into five or six smaller meals. Increase your food portions to four or five as your need improves.
You will have four or five chances nicholas cirillo of meeting their nutritional needs if they miss one meal.
People struggling with an appetite will avoid sitting down for big meals they can’t eat. Snacking also takes away the pressure from them. To add more nutrients to their meals, include some vegetables.
Treat Your Nausea and Constipation
Nausea can lead to a lack of appetite. Taking bland foods when you are nauseous can help to improve your appetite. Try anti-nausea diets like BRAT(bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast) or ginger tea.
Constipation is a condition where stools become difficult to pass. It creates a sense of fullness even when you lack sufficient nutrients. Constipation is usually caused by changes in diet or inadequate consumption of fiber. Various treatment options for constipation include medications, dietary changes, or adequate water consumption.
Limit Water Intake
Studies have shown that consuming water before a meal can reduce your meal and calorie intake and help with weight loss. This can positively impact anyone trying to lose weight, but the case is different for someone with a poor appetite.
Taking fluids will make you eat less; therefore, refraining from taking water before meals can increase your meal intake. Limit your water intake to 30 minutes before meals.
Anyone can experience poor appetite for several reasons irrespective of age. Some medications can be used in treating this condition. However, small lifestyle changes can make a difference. It can take several weeks to enhance your appetite, but the tips above are practical.
Poor appetite calls for concern when it persists.
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